PSHE inc RSE
The PSHE Curriculum at St Wilfrid's CE Primary School
Intent – why we teach what we teach
At St Wilfrid's CE we teach a Personal, Social, Health & Economic Education (PSHE) curriculum that focuses on developing the knowledge, skills and attributes to keep children healthy, safe and to prepare them for life and work.
The quality PSHE that not only is taught but embedded in our ethos at St.Wilfrid’s, ensures children are given wide perspectives to the diverse society that we live in today.
Pupils develop fully as:
- individuals as they focus on their own personal development; believing in themselves, building resilience, developing habits to lead a healthy life.
- members of families and social communities; understanding how to relate to others and adopt teamwork skills.
- Members of economic communities; developing their awareness of the part that they play and how to live responsibly.
It is essential that we teach PSHE to provide the link between pupils' health and wellbeing, and their academic progress. We know the value of focusing on promoting positive behaviour, mental health, wellbeing, resilience and achievement will impact their whole education.
Implementation – how we teach what we teach
The PSHE education programme of study is organised into three core themes:
- health and wellbeing
- living in the wider world (covering economic wellbeing and careers)
These themes include various topics related to physical and mental health, alcohol and drug education, relationships (and sex) education, economic wellbeing and careers.
We use a spiral curriculum called SCARF: Safety, Caring, Achievement, Resilience, Friendship. SCARF provides a whole-school approach to building these essential foundations – crucial for children to achieve their best, academically and socially.
Children are taught in their classes a weekly lesson from this curriculum half termly themes include:
- Me and My Relationships
- Valuing Difference - includes British Value focus.
- Keeping Myself Safe
- Rights and Responsibilities
- Being my best
- Growing and Changing
Impact – how we measure what we teach
The impact of PSHE will be seen through our pupils who will be able to explain what they are personally focusing on to become better citizens in our school community and the world beyond. They will provide informed arguments to back their reasons for their choice in life decisions and be able to engage in thoughtful, possibly provoking discussions on important topics.
They will know how to keep themselves safe and have an age appropriate understanding of themselves and others.
Children will have developed self-discipline in their choices of what to eat and when to exercise based upon an understanding of the benefits this provides for their future life.
The high quality provision of PSHE education provides a range of positive outcomes, including improved attitudes to health, being able to deal with personal difficulties and improved behaviour.
The children’s learning journey in PSHE is assessed each term using the current assessment framework with judgements by class teachers having been informed by the contributions made by children in class discussions and work recorded in their Class Reflection book. PSHE is reported to parents via the teacher comment where relationships, health and wellbeing are commented upon at the end of an academic year, however, teachers within their teacher comment . Progress of children is tracked throughout their time at St Wilfrid's CE Primary.
Parental Rights of Withdrawal of RSE
We recognise that there may be a variety of responses from parents to the teaching of the RSE curriculum. Some parents may not wish the school to give their child any information about the changes that take place during puberty. These parents have the ‘right to withdraw’ their child from the puberty lessons however we do not encourage this; research shows sex education is best taught by trained educators through a safe and positive learning environment. Parents need to be aware that misconceptions can arise from natural conversations outside of these lessons therefore we advise all children to be present during these lessons.
All parents have the ‘right to withdraw’ their children from the sex education part of the school’s RSE programme except the formal RSE elements found in the statutory National Curriculum Science (see section 8 of RSE Policy for further details). If a parent(s) wish to withdraw their child from these lessons, it must be made in writing to the Head of School.
Below are some recommended reads:
Help Your Kids with Growing Up: A No-Nonsense Guide to Puberty and Adolescence by Robert Winston
What's Happening to Me? (Girls Edition) (Facts of Life) by Susan Meredith
What's Happening to Me?: Boy (Facts Of Life) by Alex Frith
Below you will find information about what each year group will cover in RSE. If you would like to discuss any of the information further, please speak with your child's class teacher.
Relationship and Sex Education coverage per year group
Reception – My body and growing up
In this unit, your child will learn how to value and appreciate their own and other people’s bodies. They will learn to recognise and name different external parts of the body including using agreed names for the external sexual parts of the body. (See your school’s SRE policy for agreed guidance for naming the external sexual parts.) They will learn to recognise and appreciate similarities and differences between different bodies including girls and boys. They will learn to appreciate all the different things that they can do with their bodies, considering how they have changed physically since they were very small and how they will continue to grow and change all their lives. They will learn some basic hygiene routines, including washing, toileting and cleaning teeth and develop an understanding of the importance of good hygiene and cleanliness for preventing the spread of germs. The children will examine what they currently do to look after themselves, including dressing and undressing and will learn that as they grow they will become more independent and will take more responsibility for looking after themselves. They will learn to recognise areas where they still need support from others to ensure their personal needs are met and will become more aware of the adults who provide this care
In this unit your child will learn about the external parts of the body in Science. They will think about their body’s capabilities and show appreciation of how amazing their body is. They will consider ways they are in charge of their bodies and will think about how their body belongs to them. They will explore ways they can keep their body clean and how simple hygiene practices can prevent the spread of diseases like colds and tummy bugs.
In this unit your child will learn about life cycles, including that humans produce babies who grow into children and then into adults. They will think about the ways they have changed physically since they were babies and how their responsibilities have changed during this time. They continue to build upon their learning about personal hygiene and develop their understanding of relationships.
In this unit your child will think more about their bodies’ capabilities and uniqueness as we hope to develop the children’s positive body image. They will also look at personal hygiene and consider their growing responsibilities for this area, now they are getting older. They will learn more about illnesses which can be spread from one person to another e.g. colds, chickenpox, verrucas and will learn more about how to prevent this.
In this unit your child will learn about the main stages of the human lifecycle e.g. birth, baby, child, adolescent, adult, middle age, old age, death. They will think about their perceptions of being grown up and the responsibilities this entails. They will think about how their own responsibilities have changed since they were small and they might even think about a new responsibility they can take up at home or at school now they are older. They will develop their knowledge of male and female bodies. They will learn about external body parts and learn the scientific words for these external parts.
In this unit your child will review and extend their understanding of the external sexual parts of males and females. They will learn about the internal sexual parts relating to puberty. Wherever possible they will learn the scientific words for these parts. They will learn about the physical changes that take place at puberty, why they happen and how to manage them (including girls starting their periods). They will also learn that puberty affects people at different rates and that although some changes happen to everyone, some just affect girls and some just affect boys. They will start to consider the concept of body image and how this is linked to a healthy lifestyle and healthy self-esteem. They will learn about the new routines that they will need to follow to keep up their personal hygiene as puberty begins.
In this unit your child will revisit some learning about the body, puberty and periods. They will explore how their emotions might change as they enter puberty and discuss how to deal with this positively. They will consider ways they can behave responsibly and kindly when starting and ending relationships. They will think about the need for trust and love in marriage and established relationships. They will broaden their awareness of the different family structures in which children are brought up. Please note they will not be learning about sexual intercourse.